What is the Difference Between Pasteurization, Boiling and Distillation?

  There is discussion on the internet about pasteurization of water in an emergency situation. In this article I want to clear up any confusion between boiling and pasteurization, because they are not the same thing, and I want to compare both methods to distillation. Let’s start by comparing boiling and pasteurization. While there are some similarities, they are not at all the same. One similarity is that they both involve heating water, but the difference is the temperature to which water is heated and the length of time it is held at a specific temperature. Mankind has been boiling substances much longer than we have been pasteurizing substances. To my knowledge, no one person has been given credit for discovering the process of boiling though many have studied it. Let’s just give credit to early man or God since there are some examples of boiling in nature. The process of pasteurization, on the other hand, is named after a famous French Chemist, Louis Pasteur. He did much of his research pasteurizing wine and is also famous for anthrax and many other germ-related research. He is the one most responsible for the germ theory for infectious disease. We shall continue here by defining the
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The Truth About Alkaline Water

  One of the most well traveled water myths is that of alkaline water and its supposed health benefits. These claims are based on pseudoscience and are not based on facts or science. I want to first focus on the facts, then I will answer “why” this myth is so persistent and finally, my recommendations. FIRST THE FACTS… I want to encourage you to read Dr. Stephen Lower’s website “The gallery of water-related pseudoscience and quackery”. Dr. Lower (a retired chemistry professor of Simon Frasier University) looks at the countless claims made by people selling water and tries to cut through the huge amount of misinformation that is out there. Here’s a short snippet of what he has to say about alkaline water (see his full analysis here)… Here, in a nutshell, are a few basic facts that I believe anyone with a solid background in chemistry or physiology would concur with: “Ionized water” is nothing more than sales fiction; the term is meaningless to chemists. Pure water (that is, water containing no dissolved ions) is too unconductive to undergo signficant electrolysis by “water ionizer” devices. Pure water can never be alkaline or acidic, nor can it be made so
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Excerpt from Lights Out by Ted Koppel

Excerpt from Lights Out by Ted Koppel   “Darkness. Extended periods of darkness, longer and more profound than anyone now living in one of America’s greatest great cities has ever known. As power shuts down there is darkness and the sudden loss of electrical conveniences. As batteries lose power, there is the more gradual failure of cellphones, portable radios, and flashlights. Emergency generators provide pockets of light and power, but there is little running water anywhere. In cities with water towers on the roofs of high-rise buildings, gravity keeps the flow going for two, perhaps three days. When this runs out, taps go dry; toilets no longer flush. Emergency supplies of bottled water are too scarce to use for anything but drinking, and there is nowhere to replenish the supply. Disposal of human waste become a critical issue within days. Supermarket and pharmacy shelves are empty in a matter of hours. It is a shock to discover how quickly a city can exhaust its food supplies. Stores do not readily adapt to panic buying, and many city dwellers, accustomed to ordering out, have only scant supplies at home. There is no immediate resupply, and people become desperate. For the first
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THE BEST WAY TO REMOVE LEAD FROM WATER

  LEAD IS IN THE NEWS AGAIN… This time the news is coming in from Flint, Michigan where lead tests in young children (and others) shows elevated blood-lead levels. Lead in drinking water (and food) has been associated with a wide variety of mental as well as physical disorders. The extent of the physiological damage depends on the actual blood-lead level and the individual’s susceptibility. The immediate crisis in the municipal water supply of Flint appears to be caused when the water municipality switched from Detroit water to the Flint river a couple of years ago, as a money saving effort. The water from the Flint river is much more corrosive than the Detroit water supply which come directly from Lake Huron. This led to unforeseen health consequences which the citizens of Flint are suffering today. The EPA has set the level of concern and action for lead in consumable water at 5 parts per billion. The lead level in the Detroit water is 2.3 ppb. The lead level in Flint’s water when they were getting it from the Flint river was 27 ppb…more than 5 tmes the level of concern. Every neighborhood in Flint experienced higher levels of lead
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Ted Koppel’s Book “Light’s Out”

  Today I want to write about one of the most important books that has been published in recent times; Ted Koppel’s “Light’s Out“. Anyone who has their eye’s open can see that we live in increasingly dangerous times. The threat of an economic collapse, social unrest, terrorism hang over our heads, but of all of the threats facing us, the most significant one is the threat of attack on our electric grid. In one instant, that which makes us the strongest and wealthiest country in the world can be taken away from us. Take away our electricity, and you bring us back to the stone age. Worse than the stone age, because people in the stone age knew how to live without electricity; we don’t. In other words, our greatest strength is also our greatest weakness. Ted Koppel’s book is significant for four reasons… It’s published by a very high-profile person. Because he is such a high-profile person he has had access to, and been able to interview a great number of key people. It’s extremely well researched. He is doing tremendous publicity for the book. Just look at the people who have written reviews for the book, including Tom Brokaw, Anderson Cooper,
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Ask Glenn Meder: Should I Drink Distilled Water Every Day?

Question: In one of your classes, you mentioned that you drink only distilled water every day. Why? Answer: The only water that my family and I consume on a regular basis is distilled water. This is what we have done for 30 years, and it’s what we will do for the rest of our lives because I believe that the quality (purity) of water that you consume can have a significant impact on your health. It comes down to this simple question, “Do you think you have a better chance of living a long, healthy life if you avoid consuming chemicals and toxins?” If your answer is yes, then you too should drink only distilled water. First of all, what is “distilled” water? Actually, there is no such thing as “distilled water”. Water is water. The only difference between different types of water is how clean it is. The only difference between highly contaminated ocean water, for example, and pure rain water are the contaminants that are in the water. The word “distilled” just describes the method by which the water was cleaned. The process of distillation is usually a very thorough and consistent way to clean water, so it’s
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The Real Impact of The San Andreas “Big One”

  LATER THIS MONTH a new movie will be released called “San Andreas”, starring the Rock. It’s about a massive earthquake striking California. I have not seen the movie, obviously because it’s not out yet, but I have seen the trailer. Of course, the Rock saves a pretty lady while the helicopter that he’s in flies away just before getting crushed by a falling building. The special effects make it fun, but I want to talk about what would happen in real life if, or more accurately WHEN, the big one strikes the West Coast, because this is a real event that will happen someday. Just to clarify, I am not a geologist, but my father is and we have discussed this scenario in depth. First, let’s discuss how earthquakes are measured. There are small and large earthquakes and everything in between. There is a standardized scale from 1 to 10 (and higher) to measure the energy released. Each number assigned is a ten-fold increase in magnitude, which means that a magnitude 7 quake is ten-times as powerful as a magnitude 6 quake. What are we talking about when we say the Big One? A “Big One” could be 7.0
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How to React to An Emergency

Today I want to give you some guidelines for how to react after an emergency. It is a PDF that is formatted for easy printing, and I give you permission to give it away for free to people you know! Download it here. Every emergency situation is different and every location is different, so you will have to adapt to your situation and make the best decisions possible based on the information you have at the time. These guidelines may help you. BEFORE AN EMERGENCY, Be Prepared! Your options greatly increase if you are properly prepared. AVOID IF POSSIBLE. It’s ALWAYS better to avoid a situation in the first place, if possible. Some disasters, like hurricanes, can be seen before they strike, which gives you time to avoid the situation. Hurricane Katrina is a good example of an emergency that was avoidable for many people. Hundreds of thousands of people were able to evacuate New Orleans before it hit, which greatly improved their chances for survival. STEP ONE: GET SAFE. Obviously the most important thing to do is to get you and your family safe from immediate danger. If there is a tsunami headed your way, for example, get to
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Water and Radiation

Radiation is one of the types of contaminants that can be in water, so it’s important that you understand how to reduce your family’s exposure to radiation. Here are some key points about radiation. What is radiation? Simply speaking radiation is the transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material (Wikipedia). The term radiation means “radiating out from a source”. Radiation is not readily recognizable, as it is invisible, tasteless and odorless and some forms of radiation can penetrate materials, metal shields and the human body. Radiation can however, be measured by radiation detectors. Radiation, in low levels, is all around us all the time, and can come from natural and man-made sources. It’s in the atmosphere, in many soils and rocks, and even comes from light bulbs and x-rays. Some places have naturally occurring radiation in their water in levels that are quite concerning (see this news report about radiation in Houston’s water). The Japanese earthquake, tsunami and subsequent nuclear disaster in March of 2011 was one of the most significant environmental disasters ever, with both air and water becoming radioactivity polluted. From that event, radioactive materials traveled around the world
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